Introduction to the
Doctrine and Covenants
and Church History Lesson
If you were to look closely at a picture of the Salt Lake Temple, you might notice the ball on top of the temple that the statue of angel Moroni stands upon. The upper half of that
ball is the capstone of the Salt Lake Temple. On 6 April 1892, the Church held
a general conference in the Tabernacle. Shortly before noon, President Wilford
Woodruff dismissed the meeting. Forty thousand people gathered on Temple
Square, with thousands more surrounding it. President Woodruff then pressed
a button, and the capstone was lowered into place. Down below, the
Tabernacle Choir, accompanied by a band, began singing the hymn "The Spirit
of God," and the Saints joined in. Then they gave the Hosanna Shout and waved
white handkerchiefs, showing their joy that the Salt Lake Temple was near
completion. President Ezra Taft Benson, the 13th President of the Church, explained that
the Doctrine and Covenants can be described as the capstone of our religion:
"The Doctrine and Covenants brings men to Christ’s kingdom, even The Church
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ‘the only true and living church upon the
face of the whole earth’ [D&C 1:30]. . . . The Book of Mormon is the ‘keystone’ of our religion, and the Doctrine and Covenants is the capstone, with continuing latter-day revelation. The Lord has placed His stamp of approval on both the keystone and the capstone" (Ensign, May 1987, 83). The keystone and the capstone teach us about the Savior, who is the cornerstone of our religion (Ephesians 2:20). These scriptures also testify of the Savior and of the truthfulness of His gospel.
Today's lesson is designed to introduce this year's study of the Doctrine and Covenants
and Church history and to help us understand our place in the dispensation
of the fulness of times.
The revelations in the Doctrine and Covenants address the needs of our
The Explanatory Introduction, found at the beginning of the Doctrine and Covenants, teaches us that "the Doctrine and Covenants is unique because it is not a translation of an ancient document, but is of modern origin and was given of God through his chosen prophets for the restoration of his holy work and the establishment of the kingdom of God on the earth in these days."
The Explanatory Introduction also teaches us how the revelations in the Doctrine and Covenants were received. "These sacred revelations were received in answer to prayer, in times of need, and came out of real-life situations involving real people. The Prophet and his associates sought for divine guidance, and these revelations certify that they received it. In the revelations one sees the restoration and unfolding of the gospel of Jesus Christ and the ushering in of the dispensation of the fulness of times." It is helpful to understand that most of the revelations came as answers to prayers because it underscores the importance of continuing revelation in guiding the Church.
Another paragraph in the Explanatory Introduction highlights some of the doctrines
of the gospel that are explained in the Doctrine and Covenants. You may wish to select two or three of these doctrines and consider how our lives would be different without the truths that are revealed about them in the Doctrine and Covenants. "In the revelations the doctrines of the gospel are set forth with explanations about such fundamental matters as the nature of the Godhead, the origin of man, the reality of Satan, the purpose of mortality, the necessity for obedience, the need for repentance, the workings of the Holy Spirit, the ordinances and performances that pertain to salvation, the destiny of the earth, the future conditions of man after the resurrection and the judgment, the eternity of the marriage relationship, and the eternal nature of the family. ... Finally, the testimony that is given of Jesus Christ: his divinity, his majesty, his perfection, his love, and his redeeming power...makes this book of great value to the human family and of more worth than the riches of the whole earth."
The Lord authored the preface to the Doctrine and Covenants.
On 1 November 1831, the Prophet Joseph Smith presided at a special conference
of elders, held in Hiram, Ohio. Those in attendance decided to compile some of
the revelations the Prophet had received and publish them in a book called the
Book of Commandments. Following the first session of this conference, the Lord
signified His approval for the publication by giving Joseph Smith a revelation
that He called 'my preface unto the book of my commandments" (D&C 1:6).
This revelation is now section 1 of the Doctrine and Covenants. President Ezra Taft Benson said: "The Doctrine and Covenants is the only book
in the world that has a preface written by the Lord Himself. In that preface He
declares to the world that His voice is unto all men (see v. 2), that the coming
of the Lord is nigh (see v. 12), and that the truths found in the Doctrine and
Covenants will all be fulfilled (see vs. 37-38)" (Ensign, Nov. 1986, 79). D&C 1:4 In D&C 1, the Lord raises a "voice of warning," which He continues throughout the Doctrine and Covenants. D&C 1:7-10, 12-16, 31-33 Warnings the Lord issued in this section include: "the wrath of God shall be poured out upon the wicked without measure"; "the Lord shall come to recompense unto every man according to his work"; "the anger of the Lord...shall fall upon the inhabitants of the earth"; they who will not listen to the Lord or his servants will be cut off from among the people; Babylon will fall; the Lord will not look upon sin with the least degree of allowance; and the Lord will not always strive with man. These warnings apply to us if we do not harken and repent. D&C 1:1-4, 11, 34-35 The messages of the Doctrine and Covenants are intended for 1) the people of His church, 2) people from afar, 3) those on islands of the sea, 4) all men, 5) the rebellious, 6) all people, 7) the ends of the earth, 8) the inhabitants of the earth, and, 9) all flesh.
D&C 1:4. These messages will go to all people through the Lord's chosen disciples. D&C 1:23, 30 In D&C 1, the Lord foretells the great destiny of His latter-day work. When the Lord revealed this section, the Church had been organized for only one and one-half years and had only a few hundred members. Consider how the prophecies of the Church’s growth are now being fulfilled in our day. D&C 1:17-28 In D&C 1, the Lord explains some of the purposes for the revelations in the
Doctrine and Covenants. As recorded in these verses, some of the purposes of the revelations include:
a. "That every man might speak in the name of God the Lord, even the
Savior of the world" (D&C 1:20).
b. "That faith also might increase" (D&C 1:21).
c. "That mine everlasting covenant might be established" (D&C 1:22).
d. "That the fulness of my gospel might be proclaimed" (D&C 1:23).
e. To help the Lord’s servants "come to understanding" (D&C 1:24).
f. "And inasmuch as they erred it might be made known" (D&C 1:25).
g. "And inasmuch as they sought wisdom they might be instructed" (D&C 1:26).
h. "And inasmuch as they sinned they might be chastened, that they might
repent" (D&C 1:27).
i. "And inasmuch as they were humble they might be made strong, and blessed
from on high, and receive knowledge from time to time" (D&C 1:28). D&C 1:37-38 and 18:34-36 The Lord’s preface to the Doctrine and Covenants concludes with a commandment to search His words. The Lord teaches us about His words and His voice in these verses, reminding us that true prophets speak for Him. "Searching" the scriptures is far different from merely reading them, so consider how you have benefited from searching the Lord’s words in the Doctrine and
This course will discuss major events of the dispensation of the fulness
of times. Prophet Joseph Smith:"Prophets, priests and kings . . . have looked forward with joyful anticipation to the day in which we live; and fired with heavenly and joyful anticipations
they have sung and written and prophesied of this our day; but they died without
the sight; we are the favored people that God has made choice of to bring
about the Latter-day glory; it is left for us to see, participate in and help to roll
forward the Latter-day glory, ‘the dispensation of the fulness of times’" (Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, sel. Joseph Fielding Smith , 231).
Our dispensation is different from any of the previous ones because this dispensation will not end in apostasy and the Church will continue to grow until it fills the earth and the way is prepared for the Lord’s Second Coming. Consider both the blessings and the responsibilities
of living in this dispensation.
This dispensation can be divided into six historical periods:
New York Period 1820-1830
Ohio-Missouri Period 1831-1838
Nauvoo Period 1839-1846
Pioneering the West 1846-1898
Expansion of the Church 1899-1950
The Worldwide Church 1951-present
Many important events in these periods are
summarized in "Church History Chronology",pages 27-28,Class Member Study Guide.
We can each help to move forward this great latter-day work.
Look around the room at the people in your class. We are not here on earth at this time by accident. We have been sent by God to help build His kingdom in this last dispensation. President Ezra Taft Benson said, "There has never been more expected of the faithful in such a short period of time as there is of us" (quoted by Marvin J. Ashton, Ensign, Nov. 1989, 36). President Gordon B. Hinckley said, "The most serious challenge we face, and
the most wonderful challenge, is the challenge that comes of growth" (quoted
in "President Gordon B. Hinckley," Ensign, Apr. 1995, 6).
Some examples of the Church’s efforts to meet these challenges of growth include the dramatic increase in temple building, efforts to build priesthood leadership, and the hastening of the translation of scriptures into many languages.
We can see and feel the excitement of the Church’s growth. However, the Lord needs more than onlookers who cheer from the sidelines; we must ask ourselves if we are keeping pace and doing our part as families and as individuals. President Gordon B. Hinckley said: "This is a season of a
thousand opportunities. It is ours to grasp and move forward. What a wonderful
time it is for each of us to do his or her small part in moving the work
of the Lord on to its magnificent destiny" (Ensign, Nov. 1997, 67).
We are privileged to live in the dispensation of the fulness of
times. We can see the Church rolling forth as prophesied anciently (Daniel
2:44-45; see also D&C 65:2). We enjoy the blessings of the restored gospel.
We hear the voice of the Lord as we read the Doctrine and Covenants. We are
led by a living prophet. The course of study this year will help us understand
more about the opportunities and blessings of living in this dispensation.